Events of February 1848 in France had brought about the abdication of the monarch and a republic based on universal male suffrage had been proclaimed. 9] Napoleonic wars began when Napoleon invaded Italy in 1797. In 1860, Garibaldi led the Expedition of the Thousand to South Italy. Assumed absolute power in 1799 by becoming the First Consul. He was distrustful of the reactionary politics in force throughout Europe, particularly their manifestation in the repressive rule of Austria over a large area of Italy. The unification of Germany established Prussian dominance in Europe. In this historical epoch Italy was associated with the Star of Venus because it was located west of the Hellenic peninsula. Napoleon (1769-1821): A French military and political leader who gained prominence during the French Revolution. Which of the following best explain Utopian society? Allegory: When an abstract idea (for instance greed, envy, freedom, liberty, etc.) He assumed absolute power in 1799 by becoming the First Consul. These sentiments would be as under : 1. (b) Lombardy According to new CBSE Exam Pattern, MCQ Questions For Class 10 Social Science with Answers Carries 20 Marks. (b) Did not have the support of the peasants. (d) impose new rules for trade. (c) An idealist society that can never be achieved. In 1861, Victor Emmanuel was declared as the king of united Italy and Rome was declared the capital of Italy. Solution: Question 1(d) In 1831, Mazzini was sent into exile for attempting a revolution in Liguria. Napoleon introduced many reforms to simplify the administration and to make the whole system more efficient. This code was exported to the regions of Switzerland, Italy and Germany.It also abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom.Taxation and censorship were imposed and military services were made mandatory. All through the nineteenth century the Ottoman Empire had sought to strengthen itself through modernisation and internal reforms but with very little success. Large number of people under the leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the movement. Chief Minister Cavour who led the movement to unify the regions of Italy was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat. Its chief minister, Otto von Bismarck, was the architect of this process carried out with the help of the Prussian army and bureaucracy. Valence Bond Theory For Bonding In Coordination Compounds, Civics Chapter 2 Federalism – Notes & Study Material, Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing – Notes & Study Material, History Chapter 3 The Making of Global World – Notes & Study Material, CBSE Class XII Examination 2021 Date Sheet, IUPAC Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds. After 1815, several liberals began working in secret societies all over Europe to propagate their views and train revolutionaries. Most important outcome of the French Revolution of 1789 was “Allegory of Good Government”, by A. Lorenzetti – Image by Wikimedia. Answer : During the 1830s, the secret society called the Young Italy was founded by Giuseppe Mazzini. 1821: Greek struggle for independence began. (c) Justice It established equality before the law and secured the right to property. (c) land Appearing Students of Class 10 Exams can download MCQ on The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 with Answers from here. Mazzini’s relentless opposition to monarchy and his vision of democratic republics frightened the conservatives. (d) literary movement, 26. The Class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 in History is available for free in PDF. (c) Metternich Art, poetry, stories and music helped express and shape nationalist feelings. Giuseppe Mazzini: A famous Italian revolutionary who was born in 1807 in Genoa. [Delhi 2012] 1871: The Prussian King, William I was proclaimed the German Emperor. (d) Monarchy Metternich described him as ‘the most dangerous enemy of our social order’. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, artists represented the country as if it were a person. (b) He founded an underground society called ‘Young Italy’. For the middle class of Europe, the most important feature of Liberalism was 58.3 x 38.3 cm: Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Walter Shirlaw : Accession Number: 13.7: Department: Prints, Drawings & … These societies were joined by like-minded young men from Poland, France, Italy and the German states. The Statues of Marianne were made and erected at public places and a picture of Marianne printed on postage stamps. Mazzini was in favour of a republic because he thought sovereignity resides essentially in the people and can only completely express itself in that form. (b) Italy At which of the following places was the Frankfurt Assembly convened The Balkan region consisted of the following countries of our times – Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro. The issue of extending political rights to women became a controversial one. Otto von Bismarck: He was the architect of a Prussian consolidation that was also a form of German unification. The prominent empires in Europe were the autocratic Ottoman Empire that ruled over Eastern and Central Europe, and Greece and the Habsburg Empire that ruled over Austria-Hungary. Imperialism: The policy of extending a country’s power and influence through colonization, use of military force or other means. The Code established equality before the law and abolished all privileges based on birth. Prussian measures and practices often become a model for the rest of Germany. He was sent into exile in 1831 for attempting a revolution in Liguria. 23. these are the best notes , that I had viewed yet from this I scored 99/100 in 10th boards thank you .. Since the French Revolution, liberalism had stood for the end of autocracy and clerical privileges, a constitution and representative government through parliament. We have Provided The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students … (b) Red Cap These ideals were represented through specific objects or symbols. Three wars over seven years – with Austria, Denmark and France – ended in Prussian victory and completed the process of unification. 1860: Sardinia-Piedmont’s forces marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and drove out the Spanish rulers. (d) representative government. (b) thread Similarly, Germania was the female allegory of German nation. The characteristics of Marianne were drawn from those of Liberty and the Republic—the red cap, the tricolour and the cockade. The north was under Austrian Habsburgs, the centre was under the Pope and the southern regions were under the domination of the Bourbon kings of Spain. The Estates General was elected by the body of active citizens and renamed the National Assembly. Till 1789 France was under absolute monarchy.French armies moved into Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and Italy in the 1790s with a promise of liberating the people from their despotic rulers. (a) Trade Union (d) Bismarck, 9. The Napoleonic Code Join the Allegory of the Empires to tell your tale as the story unfolds in a wondrous web of love, lies, power and wealth. [Delhi 2012] The English parliament, which had seized power from the monarchy in 1688 at the end of a protracted conflict, was the instrument through which a nation-state, with England at its centre, came to be forged. For class notes in detail and further chapter solutions, we have a dedicated section for the students of boards. The red Phrygian cap signified freedom of a slave. Social Science Class 10 Important Questions History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Very Short Answer Questions(VSA) 1 Mark Question 1. After 1848, nationalist sentiments were often mobilised by conservatives for promoting state power and achieving political domination over Europe. Kaiser William II: Wilhelm II was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15th June 1888 to 9th November 1918. (d) set up a new Parliament in Austria. (c) Kaiser William refused to accept the crown and opposed the assembly. She has started this educational website with the mindset of spreading Free Education to everyone. Although Cavour was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat he played an important role in the unification of Italy. I recommended many students for these notes . He became Prime Minister of Piedmont in 1852. Internal customs duties and dues were abolished and a uniform system of weights and measures was adopted. Frederic Sorrieu, a French artist, visualised his dream of a world made up of ‘democratic and social Republics’, and presented it to the world and promoted the spirit of nationalism. A centralised administrative system was put in place and it formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its territory. The Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland that resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’ meant, in effect, that England was able to impose its influence on Scotland. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Formulae Handbook for Class 10 Maths and Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe CBSE Class 10 History NCERT Solutions, The Rise of Nationalism in Europe CBSE History NCERT Solutions. On the northern wall, there’s the “Allegory of Good Government”, a complex symbolic representation of just political rule, based on the principles of justice and the common good.Two figures stand out (they are bigger than the rest): Justice, guided by Divine Wisdom, and Good Government, personification … He was part of a secret society called Carbonari and founded two underground societies called Young Italy in Marseilles and Young Europe in Berne. The 1830s saw a rise in prices, bad harvest and poverty in Europe. The Scottish Highlanders were forbidden to speak their Gaelic language or wear their national dress, and large numbers were forcibly driven out of their homeland. (a) Women were excluded from the membership. Marianne images were marked on coins and stamps too. Marianne’s fasces or a bundle of rods with an axe in the middle was used to symbolise strength in unity. This led to the demolition of Scotland’s distinctive culture and political institutions.A British nation was formed with English culture, British flag, the national anthem and the English language. During the middle of the nineteenth century, Italy was divided into seven states. During the 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini formed a coherent programme for uniting the Italian Republic and formed a secret society called Young Italy. (c) Educated people of Vietnam One of the major issues taken up by the liberal-nationalists, who criticised the new conservative order, was freedom of the press. (d) None of the above. The primary identities of the people who inhabited the British Isles were ethnic ones – such as English, Welsh, Scot or Irish. (a) Turkey Solution: The importance of the way in which they were portrayed was to remind the public of their national symbols of unity and to persuade them to identify with them. Who were Marianne and Germania? (c) Olive Branch (d) A society with a comprehensive Constitution. In Prussia, nation-building acts were repressed by the combined forces of the monarchy and the military and were supported by the large landowners called Junkers. Search . In 1860, they marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of Two Sicilies and with the support of the local peasants drove out the Spanish rulers. Like Germany, Italy, too had a long history of political fragmentation. ... Switzerland and much of Italy in the 1790s. 10. Statues of Marianne were installed in public squares to remind the public of the national symbols of unity and to persuade them to identify with it. (b) It was an agreement between England and Ireland. Ch 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10th Notes History Social Science. The central element of the emblem is the five-pointed star white star, also called Stella d'Italia (English: "Star of Italy"), which is the oldest national symbol of Italy, since it dates back to ancient Greece. 1861: Victor Emmanuel II was declared as the King of United Italy and Rome was declared the capital of Italy. It facilitated the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another. (c) Austria, Prussia, Russia, Britain. Which one of the following statements is not true about Giuseppe Mazzini? Solution: 5. 30 A nation-state is a state where 16. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. 1859: Sardinia-Piedmont formed an alliance with France and defeated the Austrian forces. Frankfurt Parliament (1848-49) was convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848 as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. Which one of the following types of government was functioning in France before the revolution of 1789? (b) It recognised Greece as an independent nation. 32. So Italy could not continue to be a patchwork of small states and kingdoms. But as the English nation steadily grew in wealth, importance and power, it was able to extend its influence over the other nations of the islands. 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Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe with Answers Pdf free download. Marianne and Germania: Marianne and Germania were the female allegories of France and German nations respectively. There were many dynastic states and the multi-national Habsburg Empire in Italy. (c) political movement Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Allegory of Good Government, Effects of Good Government in the City and the Country, and Allegory and Effects of Bad Government in the City and the Country, Siena c. 1337-40, fresco, Sala della Pace (Hall of Peace) also know as the Sala dei Nove (the Hall of the Nine), 7.7 x 14.4 meters (room), Palazzo Pubblico, Siena Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. … 1832: Greece gained independence. 15. North Italy was under Austrian Habsburgs. Count Camillo di Cavour: The Chief Minister of Piedmont, Count Camillo di Cavour, helped the king in forming an alliance with France, and they defeated the Austrian forces in 1859. Uniform laws, standardized weights, and measures, and a common national currency was introduced. Which of the following group of powers collectively defeated Napoleon? VERY SHORT ANSWERS:- 1.Who was Frederic Sorrier?… 34. (b) The ideas of Giuseppe Mazzini, etc. Napoleon simplified administrative divisions in the Dutch Republic, in Switzerland, in. Germania wears a crown of oak leaves because that tree stands for heroism. (b) Cavour To ensure the growth of British identity, Scotland’s cultural and political institutions were suppressed. After 1871, there was a significant change in the concept of nationalism in Europe. (d) Victor Emannuel II. (c) individual freedom and equality before law. Ireland was deeply divided into two groups, Catholics and Protestants. Which one of the following states was ruled by an Italian princely house before the unification of Italy? The female form that was chosen to personify the nation did not stand for any particular woman in a real life. Mazzini was the spiritual force of the Italian resurrection. (a) Bismarck Conservatism was a political philosophy that stressed the importance of tradition, established institutions and customs, and preferred gradual development to quick change. It paved the way for the achievement of bigger goals of national identity and national pride, which can aptly be called as Nationalism. (a) Peace In 1860, Sardinia-Piedmont’s forces marched into southern Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and drove out the Spanish rulers. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Extra Questions History Chapter 1 Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. (b) England, Austria, Spain, Russia. Solution: Question 1(c) Professor Friendrich List hopes that economic liberalism and reforms would help in generating national sentiments. (d) Formation of the National Assembly. (c) Duke Metternich (2015 D) Answer: It led to the transfer of sovereignty from the […] It had to be forged into a single unified republic within a wider alliance of nations. There are several activities that are included: comprehension questions, a … Italy. Through a tactful diplomatic alliance with France, Sardinia-Piedmont succeeded in defeating the Austrian forces in 1859. (d) Russia. Metternich once remarked, “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold,” because when the July Revolution broke out in France in 1830, it soon sparked an uprising in Brussels, leading to the disintegration of Belgium from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Italian language had yet t… (b) religious movement (c) introduced democracy in Austria and Prussia. 6. (c) It resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’. It also illustrated the Statue of Liberty holding a torch of Enlightenment and the Charter of the Rights of Man. CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science.Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science SST History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. NCERT Solutions as well as Offline Apps are updated for new academic session 2020-21 based on new NCERT Books and latest CBSE Syllabus. (c) Venetia His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy in place of several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers. 1797: Napoleon invaded Italy; Napoleonic wars began. He underestimated the strength of the opposition. Modern State: A state in which sovereignty is exercised by a centralised power over a specific territory and population. One by one, its European subject nationalities broke away from its control and declared independence. Industrialization began in England, a working class and liberalism emerged. You can also find Social Science Class 10 Important Questions With Answers Pdf from the year 2010 to 2020 CBSE […] (b) Mazzini 3. Who among the following formed the secret society called ‘Young Italy’. (d) Tolerance, 17. (a) people of all groups enjoy equal rights. The ideology of liberalism emerged which ended the state interference in the economic life of society. PART ONE: SETTING THE SCENE: THE CAVE AND THE FIRE The cave SOCRATES: Imagine this: People live under the earth in a cavelike dwelling.Stretching a long way up toward the daylight is its entrance, toward which the entire … (b) right to be liberal and educated. 1859: Sardinia-Piedmont formed an alliance with France and defeated the Austrian forces. (b) Ho Chi Minh Habsburg Empire: The empire that ruled Austria-Hungary including the Alpine regions of Tyrol, Austria, the Sudetenland and Bohemia. In France, the middle class, which consisted of professionals, businessmen and rich artisans, fought to abolish monarch and establish a republic based on universal male suffrage. These CBSE Class 10 History Notes of Chapter 1 will help students to understand the chapter in a better way. The Greek war of independence, also known as the Greek Revolution was a successful war of~m dependence waged by the Greek revolutionaries between 1821 and 1832 against the Ottoman Empire. Only Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by an Italian princely house. A brilliant and steadfast diplomat, he played a leading role in the unification of Italy. (c) Factory owners 1905: Slav nationalism gathers force in the Habsburg and Ottoman Empires. 18. Who was Wolfe Tone? (a) did away with all the privileges based on ‘birth and established equality. 8. Who said, “when France sneezes the rest of Europe catches cold”? Check out the Explanation, Question answers, and notes on the nationalism in Europe Class 10 NCERT Solution. They took advantage of the growing popular unrest to push their demands for the creation of a nation-state on parliamentary principles – a constitution, freedom of the press and freedom of association. The British parliament was henceforth dominated by its English members. 1860: Sardinia-Piedmont’s forces marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and drove out the Spanish rulers. The Greeks were later assisted by the Russian Empire, Great Britain, France and several other European powers, while the Ottomans were aided by their vassals, Egypt, Algeria etc. (d) NLF, 4. Her images were marked on coins and stamps. (d) at the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. 1861: Victor … Write a note on Guiseppe Mazzini. (d) He was exiled for attempting a revolution in Liguria. In 1848, a large number of political associations came together in Frankfurt and decided to vote for an all-German National Assembly. Venus, immediately after sunset, is sometimes visible … The conflict among the traditionally separate German states, notably Austria and Prussia made progress difficult. Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multi-national Habsburg Empire.Italy was divided into seven states. (d) A British protestant leader. [Foreign 2011] (b) abolish the tariff barrier. He allied with France when necessary and with France’s key enemy, Prussia, was necessary. Liberalism and Nationalism became associated with the revolution in many regions of Europe such as the Italian and German states, the provinces of the Ottoman Empire, Ireland and Poland. Who among the following took power in the Southern part of Vietnam after the division of the country? The British Isles was inhabited by ethnic English, Welsh, Scot or Irish. 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