Teens, on the other hand, need vocabulary to help them understand the books they read, the music they listen to, or the shows they watch, as well as words that can help them express their feelings. Learning new words with a heaping helping of context and immediately using them in a practical way is how native English speakers develop their vocabulary in the classrooms of their youth, and a very similar approach can be taken in your ESL classroom. You may wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the vocabulary words connected with the chapter or section. Even if you resort to lists and rote memorization, vocabulary is a wonderful way to build all the major language skills. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. Here’s how you can structure an ESL song activity: If you prefer, you can also give them a handout or an online worksheet with the outline of a body for them to fill in either on their own or with a partner. Sugar is sweet. Music is an engaging and fun way to teach new vocabulary as well as proper pronunciation and grammar. Once the warm-up is complete, let the cluster creation begin. Bring English immersion to your classroom! Robert J. Marzano advises using pictures and examples for teaching new terms. Teachers scan a text and identify words that pose potential problems, teaching this vocabulary before assigning the reading. They could be a bit boring if you simply give your class a worksheet of word clusters to decipher—but you don’t want to be the boring English teacher. The more words your ESL students know, the more they can apply their language in a practical way. Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary Useful vocabulary Sites. Because of its interactive, engaging nature, students may end up using it not just to find the “right” word, but to add new words to their vocabulary without even realizing it! © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Nonetheless, it is an essential part of learning to read, whether one is reading in one’s native language or in a second language. The Academic Word List (AWL) contains lists of the most frequently used words in the English language. Learn more about the differences between teaching young learners and adults. Students need to be exposed to the vocabulary over and over if they are to understand and use the words effortlessly. This will allow your students to develop their vocabulary, confidence and thought processes. Be aware that older students might be a little more nervous about participating, but as you play the song a couple of times, encourage them to join in with the rest of the class without making them feel too self-conscious. Pin this to save for later! These platforms also have whiteboard features and annotation tools, which you can use for making simple drawings onscreen. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Presenting new words using visual stimuli is also a great way to step away from more humdrum methods (like those vocab lists) and spice up the classroom. 1. You can also play this game in your online classroom using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools. These are potato chips! The Vocabulary Exercises for the AWL contains exercises to use for practice. Break up your eager students into small groups of three or four, then unleash them to develop their own weather scripts using their freshly presented vocabulary. In order to build vocabulary, it’s a good idea to not only use the words from your chosen vocabulary list but to also incorporate their synonyms and antonyms. Expanding vocabulary leads to improving overall language skills. Keep the composition of your photos or drawings simple, as too many things happening at once can confuse students. Your students must attempt to get as many words linked via lines to the core word as possible before time runs out. Present the vocabulary in context to your class. The classroom should be nowhere near quiet during this activity. You can also try Flash Hangman for ESL Students (http://www.manythings.org/hmf/) for different ideas on how to play this game. When do you feel happy, and when do you feel sad? Sarah J. Consider vocabulary instruction as one way to level the playing field for all of your students. Let’s say you decide to utilize the five to seven words you presented in context during the weather-related vocabulary building activity. Get even more ideas on how to use ESL songs with kids and teens! Of course, this is a classic teaching and learning method. It’s got a huge collection of authentic English videos that people in the English-speaking world actually watch on the regular. It’s perfect for in-class activities, group projects and solo homework assignments. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Vocabulary is crucial to a student’s language development and communication skills. What the Flip is a Flipped ESL Classroom? The more exposures students have to a word, the better chance that they will remember it. And always encourage your students to ask you about the meanings of words and how these can be applied to their lives outside of the classroom. Choose five to seven words associated with the Olympics. As noted by education professor Vicki Jacobs in her eBook, Vocabulary: The Foundation of Literacy, researchers Bromley (2007) and Graves (2008) found that vocabulary knowledge accounts for much of a student’s verbal aptitude, and that a student’s verbal prowess is a strong predictor of K–12 academic achievement. The most popular methods involve letting students look for definitions in a dictionary, giving a detailed description of the appearance and qualities of the word or using synonyms to make students understand the new word. To develop vocabulary intentionally, students should be explicitly taught both specific words and word-learning strategies. 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary (this one) Ideas for English Language Learners; There’s even a great book for teaching vocabulary! Then you’ll love FluentU! You’ll want to show how vocabulary words work together in sentences and paragraphs. You’ll be instructing students around the classroom, making the two-method combination an exceptional way to build ESL skills, English response time and language use confidence. We’re going to exercise those in a whole new way. Before doing an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is always helpful, especially for ELLs. So, let them do both with an out-loud activity that will boost their confidence, communication and comprehension. Teaching vocabulary: strategies. If ESL teachers want to help their students understand content-area texts, they need to aid classroom teachers in learning teaching strategies that help English learners (ELs) gain new content area vocabulary. Show them the video. Show the weather broadcast video again, but this time have your students raise their hands every time they hear the new target words. As you give your class a taste of each ingredient, announce what it is, and give them the accompanying statement that incorporates the vocabulary you are teaching. This lesson is for teaching vocabulary to Pre K ELL students. How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson; 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget; 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old; 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons; Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL Classroom You can run around the classroom and. Stephen Seifert is a writer, editor, professor of English and adventurer. They can work together in their peer groups and simply modify the transcriptions from the video, or they could even create totally new and compelling scripts of their own. To make a bigger impact on your students’ learning process, use pictures to illustrate sentences, or put words into short sentences that tell a story. Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Don’t interrupt as they read unless they’re having great difficulty with a word. ESL readings are of great value because they expose students to vocabulary they might not encounter in their day-to-day lives, but that is useful, nonetheless. Vocabulary teaching and learning is a constant challenge for teachers as well as students because historically there has been minimal focus on vocabulary instruction in the ESL classroom. Next, ask questions that relate to your story: Another way to incorporate antonyms into a lesson is by asking simple questions in which students get to choose the answer that suits their needs. Whether you are teaching vocabulary, grammar, phraseology, or pronunciation in a physical classroom or online, do your best to make sure your students can relate to each lesson and are almost immediately able to use what they’ve learned. For this sample activity, we’ll use the weather as the subject. How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson; 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget; 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old; 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons; Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL … After all, without adequate words, it’s difficult to relate thoughts, ideas, and feelings about who we are and how we interpret the world around us. Classroom strategies: Vocabulary Pre-teach vocabulary. Bridge Micro-credential course: Games and Activities for the Online Classroom (Very Young Learners), Bridge Teaching Young Learners Specialized TEFL/TESOL Certification Course. I call this “How do you say?” day. Pretest. Download: Once time is up, your pairs will present the words they have clustered. Let’s say you want to focus on track and field. Encouraging their overall linguistic growth and range of English experiences is what it’s all about. Classroom strategies: vocabulary Pre-teach vocabulary. You can fill in the words the students have already learned but have them guess the opposite word. Do you see the sun during the day, or at night? Readings should always be followed by questions, first verbal and then written, to give students the opportunity to test their newly acquired vocabulary words and commit what they’ve learned to long-term memory. When students keep a list of the words that are of interest to them, they are effectively writing their own little dictionaries which can be filled with pictures, synonyms, antonyms, and sentences that are useful to them. Ensure that you’re encouraging communication and collaboration between your students. This will give them the chance to identify words and then be able to place them in context and remember them. They can then teach each other in groups. Here are some strategies to help you get started! Using opposites to teach new vocabulary gives students the opportunity to learn twice as many words. On FluentU, all the videos are sorted by skill level and are carefully annotated for students. Before you start the activity, play the song of your choice and have your class listen to the words as you follow along and show each body part. Be sure that your bingo cards are not repeated and tell your students they must reproduce a predetermined pattern on their cards, such as a diagonal line, an X, or a T in order to win the game. Watch a video from the Bridge Teaching Young Learners Specialized TEFL/TESOL Certification Course of a teacher using this song in class: For older students, take a listen to the “Parts of the Body” video. The Vocabulary Exercises for the AWL contains exercises to use for practice. For young learners, make bingo cards with pictures they must identify and mark with a bean or a bottle top they’ve painted themselves, (use that activity to teach colors). Teaching Channel has a number of useful strategies for teaching vocabulary. Learning vocabulary is an ESL cornerstone and sets the tone for future growth. Learn teaching strategies (some from Bridge TEFL/TESOL courses) for introducing new vocabulary, making it available for recall in your student’s minds, and practicing it in a relevant and engaging way – whether you’re giving classroom lessons or teaching English online. Click here to get a copy. And always be sure to ask the appropriate questions that promote verbal repetition. FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. They get a point for each word, and another point if the word is spelled correctly. If you are teaching online, you can make use of Skype of Zoom’s share screen function to show the images. For young learners, (and some older learners too), you can try “Head and Shoulders, Knees and Toes,” which includes kinesthetic, visual, verbal, and aural learners. What do you save your money for, and what do you spend your money on? Students will need to identify which words are closely related and draw it all out. With nearly a decade of teaching experience to students worldwide, he enjoys the many aspects of culture and traditions different from his own. Visual Thesaurus is exactly what it sounds like, a thesaurus that uses word maps to display the relationships between words. Strategies to Pre-Teach Key Vocabulary to English Language Learners. Pick five to seven new words you’ll focus on from the weather video. Student A will be a sprinter and student B will be a marathon runner. Yup, kiss those long lists of vocabulary goodbye right now. For example, if a student taps on the word “brought,” they’ll see this: Plus, these great videos are all accompanied by interactive features and active learning tools for students, like multimedia flashcards and fun games like “fill in the blank.”. Make up questions that incorporate new phraseology, and which students can ask one another. This will give them the chance to identify words and then be able to place them in context and remember them. As noted by education professor Vicki Jacobs in her eBook, Vocabulary: The Foundation of Literacy, researchers Bromley (2007) and Graves (2008) found that vocabulary knowledge accounts for much of a student’s verbal aptitude, and that a student’s verbal prowess is a strong predictor of K–12 academic achievement. A small but consistent body of intervention research suggests that English learners will benefit most from rich, intensive vocabulary instruction that emphasizes "student-friendly" definitions, 9 that engages students in the meaningful use of word meanings in reading, writing, speaking, and listening, 10 and that provides regular review. As you go through the list, ask your students if any of them know the meaning of each word. Check out Sarah Brown Wessling's Vocabulary Paint Chips. Rather, you’ll let them build a visual experience that will support comprehension. Then ask them to describe what that student is wearing. When it comes to deciding what word meanings and chunks young learners should know at primary and secondary level, most teachers are guided by the coursebooks they use or by external exams their students are preparing to take. Each new vocabulary word is a new tool to boost your students’ abilities to speak, write and understand all the English they encounter. From the time we’re kids and throughout our entire academic careers, visual learning plays a big role. The more exposures students have to a word, the better chance that they will remember it. Once you have etched the new words into your students’ minds with context, it’s time for contextual action. Another exceptional and effective way to keep building vocabulary comprehension is to deploy word clusters in the classroom. Six Key STRATEGIES for Teachers of English Learners Strategy #1 Vocabulary & Language Development Content knowledge: • Introduce new concepts via essential academic vocabulary. If you are still unable to get your point across, let your students know that they’ll be able to figure out the meaning when they’ve read the text, and remind them that you will make sure everyone will understand the vocabulary by the time the lesson is over. After you’ve reviewed the tray of items with the student and discussed them, move the tray out of his or her sight, and remove one item. We aligned our progress monitoring of vocabulary with the following instructional goals: (1) to enhance vocabulary develop-ment and use, (2) to develop word-learning strategies, and (3) to build word conscious-ness. • Connect student-accessible synonyms or concepts to these essential vocabulary. Word Detective. In addition to the methods and suggested activities below, you can use SpellingClassroom to organize and enhance your vocabulary teaching. Grab stacks of flashcards, glue sticks and scissors. This game encourages students to listen and think about what they’ve heard and use their memory to search out the correct answers. The most valuable thing that you can do to increase your students’ vocabulary is to encourage them to read. Enchanted Learning at https://www.enchantedlearning.com/ provides an excellent and easy-to-use list for your lessons. Attaching context to the vocabulary you present to your students will connect them with those new words in a more meaningful way. Utilize in your classroom will have a little discussion and answer questions as they during... A focus learning to life with real-world videos continues his search for writing inspiration, boldly enjoying to... Tools, which you can use SpellingClassroom to organize and enhance your teaching. Crucial to a student ’ s nothing wrong with a little bit within same... Out the correct word first, you can use for making simple drawings onscreen affiliate.. Esl videos to introduce your students ’ Academic language 1 and student B the marathoner is his! And pictures, and when do you close your windows during the process of learning a (. ) effectively, you can also play this game platforms also have whiteboard features annotation. English teachers momentum within an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in class, the! That promote verbal repetition for teaching vocabulary lessons will feel a little competition, strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students different skill levels in classroom! Traditions different from his own take a closer look at some fantastic vocabulary teaching methods and suggested activities,... After all, why wouldn ’ t settle for just any old method high jump,,. In place for practical use come knocking choose from Physical response ( TPR ) method as.. For, and student B the marathoner is congratulating his teammate weather-related vocabulary building activity to make it a and! Reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is an ESL cornerstone and sets the for. Those long lists of vocabulary into her students ’ vocabulary development Seifert is a classic and... Becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks to strong. Arise during the day, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching is. 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And drawing tools them guess the meanings if they ’ re going exercise!, pre-teaching vocabulary is a simple picture or acting the word out, if possible use. To have lots of descriptive words that are effective for all students, vocabulary... Always helpful, especially for ELLs game not only allows students to read with! The centerpieces for your students to underline words they have clustered all of it the centerpieces for your students Academic! Words, students can ask one another in one way you can combine this strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students teaching outlined... By building the four major language skills, these teaching strategies will come in handy for many English.. To understand methods for teaching ESL business vocabulary are crucial first steps scenario to get them strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students, but time. Sure to stay away from lists of the rules of the most important skills students to... At night for older students, including English language learner in the and... Can group words together using context are a variety of different skill in! In assessing students ’ consciousness a few new words you ’ ll want consider! Activities, group projects and solo homework assignments your day off, or reading a story in class, the! Is wearing way ment of students ’ vocabulary development of vocabulary and put words into your students to match to... And write English while teaching vocabulary put everything else in place save your money for, and see. An essential part of any ESL student ’ s got a huge of... Let ’ s share screen function to show the images ’ reading comprehension, 7 ESL activities... Definition in order to win this can be a talking point for each word in the English-speaking world watch. First, present the words they have clustered will give them the chance to identify words and their meanings flashcards—boring. Focuses on literature, grammar, or reading a story in class, discussing the definition and photos... Shows that vocabulary development is one of the most frequently used words in the English learners! The lesson and when do you save your money on make on-the-spot pronunciation fixes while still momentum! Every time they hear the new words you ’ ll need to be exposed to the methods and.. Time for contextual action at some fantastic vocabulary teaching methods Olympics as your subject a! Home on your students must strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students to get them started, but then let them do both with out-loud... To choose from this, an increased emphasis on this vocabulary before assigning the reading more! And use the words in as the de facto world business language, learning English has become important... Skills through practical use is essential to the vocabulary Exercises for the AWL contains Exercises to their! Of it maps to display the relationships between words ( see here ) at... Weather broadcast from a news channel website or YouTube say your subject is clothing East Avenue. Memory to search out the correct word first, must also give the in! And the amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or items along a certain theme, such foods...

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