The Iliad, particularly its first few books, was far more intently studied than the Odyssey during the Hellenistic and Roman periods.  Some trace the divisions back further to the Classical period.  Homer's wisdom became so widely praised that he began to acquire the image of almost a prototypical philosopher. Certainly the tales told about him in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey were purely fiction, but they were also full of real people, places, and events. Modern scholars consider these accounts legendary. Wolf (Halle, 1794–1795; Leipzig, 1804 1807), "Odyssey", Oxford University PressI (2014), This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 23:07. Homer, hailed as the poet of ‘The Iliad’ and ‘The Odyssey’, the two great epics which laid the foundation of Greek literature, has unfortunately come down to us just as a name. As with the multitude of legends surrounding Homer's life, they indicate little more than the centrality of Homer to ancient Greek culture. , Some ancient scholars believed Homer to have been an eyewitness to the Trojan War; others thought he had lived up to 500 years afterwards.  Most researchers believe that the poems were originally transmitted orally. Scholars are uncertain whether he existed. Homer then expands on these ideas in subsequent clauses; this technique is called parataxis. It is indicative of the licence taken in even this apparently noble endeavour that it became a joke in Athens that this 'purified' text was perverted to support Athens' case in the current dispute it had with Megara over the ownership of the island of Salamis. The nineteenth-century edition of Arthur Ludwich mainly follows Aristarchus's work, whereas van Thiel's (1991, 1996) follows the medieval vulgate. Homeric Greek shows features of multiple regional Greek dialects and periods, but is fundamentally based on Ionic Greek, in keeping with the tradition that Homer was from Ionia. Allen, fall somewhere between these two extremes.. The man named as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey is as much a myth as the tales he told of warriors, gods and wooden horses. Homer's ancestry can be traced from Odyssey.  Nonetheless, the aims of Homeric studies have changed over the course of the millennia. These claims are not considered authentic today and were by no means universally accepted in the ancient world. They include that Homer was blind (taking as self-referential a passage describing the blind bard Demodocus), that he was born in Chios, that he was the son of the river Meles and the nymph Critheïs, that he was a wandering bard, that he composed a varying list of other works (the "Homerica"), that he died either in Ios or after failing to solve a riddle set by fishermen, and various explanations for the name "Homer".  Nearly all scholars agree that the Doloneia in Book X of the Iliad is not part of the original poem, but rather a later insertion by a different poet. Parry and Lord noted that these conventions are found in many other cultures.  Barry B. Powell dates the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey to sometime between 800 and 750 BC, based on the statement from Herodotus, who lived in the late fifth century BC, that Homer lived four hundred years before his own time "and not more" (καὶ οὐ πλέοσι), and on the fact that the poems do not mention hoplite battle tactics, inhumation, or literacy. He is the first source to look for information on Greek myth and religion.  For instance, the heroes in the poems use bronze weapons, characteristic of the Bronze Age in which the poems are set, rather than the later Iron Age during which they were composed; yet the same heroes are cremated (an Iron Age practice) rather than buried (as they were in the Bronze Age). I find this slightly less disturbing than the Mario one. Linguistic analysis suggests that the Iliad was composed slightly before the Odyssey, and that Homeric formulae preserve older features than other parts of the poems. 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