According to legend, the last of the Naraka kings was killed by Krishna and his son Bhagadatta took the throne. The other members were elected by local public bodies like municipalities, local boards, landholders, tea planters and Muslims. Other Paleolithic sites include those in the Daphabum area of Lohit district in Arunachal Pradesh which used stone tools from metamorphic rocks. magnum opus, the Mahabharata, is concerned, the scenario changes sharply. There is a place in Dimapur where huge chess pieces still lie around in dilapidated state. The history of Assam is the history of a confluence of people from the east, west, south and the north; the confluence of the Tibeto-Burman (Sino-Tibetan), Indo-Aryan and Austroasiatic cultures. This might seem like an impossibility given that corresponding cultures have been discovered in Bengal as well as Southeast Asia. Assam is one of the Eight Sister states of northeastern India. This labor, based on an unbreakable contract, led to a virtual slavery of this labor group. Assamese Mahabharata next to the Bhagavata, exercised bursts of evolution and tremendous influence on the Vaisnavite poets as this epic was counted amidst the kitty of Vaisnavite scripture. At least 15 were left dead and in the violent repression that followed villagers were tortured and their properties were destroyed or looted. This name is a present-day district in Assam. Kamakhya: Assam- Kamakhya is a famous Shaktipeeth, located ten kilometres away from Guwahati in Assam. The Ramayana and The Mahabharat in Assamese Literature | U.C. In 1979, Assam flared into Assam Agitation (or Assam Movement) a popular movement against illegal immigration. The Late neolithic cultures have affinities with the spread of the Mon Khmer speaking people from Malaysia and the Ayeyarwady valley and late neolithic developments in South China. In 1828, two years after the Treaty of Yandaboo, Gomdhar Konwar rose in revolt against the British, but he was easily suppressed.  But Hussein Shah and subsequent rulers could not consolidate their rule in the Kamata kingdom, mainly due to the revolt by the Bhuyan chieftains, a relic of the Kamarupa administration, and other local groups. The ancient era began in the 4th century with the mention of Kamarupa in Samudragupta's inscriptions on the Allahabad pillar and the establishment of the Kamarupa kingdom. Mythology. In the middle of the 13th century, Sandhya, a king of Kamarupanagara, moved his capital to Kamatapur, and thus established the Kamata kingdom. In 1830, the Kachari king Govinda Chandra was assassinated. Though the metal age seems to be missing in Assam, the Iron Age Megalithic culture of South India finds an echo in the rich megalithic culture in the region, which begins to appear earlier than the late second millennium BCE, and which continues till today among the Khasi and the Naga people. Assamese Literature may boast of its priority in producing the Ramayana over all other provincial Aryan Language. But those were termed as immigration from Bangladesh, resulting in more than 85 deaths and displacement of 400,000 people. Varnavat – Situated on the banks of river Ganga, it is a city located near Meerut in Uttar Pradesh. Protohistory has been reconstructed from folklore: epics like Mahabharata, and two medieval texts compiled in the Assam region—the Kalika Purana and the Yogini Tantra. In the earliest recorded times, Assam was part of Kamarupa, a state that had its capital at Pragjyotishapura (now Guwahati). chronicles etc.). There were immediate protests and revolts against the British occupation. Governor, had its capital at Dhaka. that the Kamarupa kings issued during their reign. Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference. Mayong along with Pragjyotishpura (the ancient name of Assam) find place in many mythological epics, including the Mahabharata.Chief Ghatotkacha of Kachari Kingdom took part in The Great Battle of Mahabharata with his magical powers. His daughter Usha married Vasudeva Krishna 's grandson Aniruddha. According to the Kalika Purana this place had Karatoya River as its western boundary. The eastern border was the temple of the goddess Tamreshvari. History of ancient Assam comes from a corpus of Kamarupa inscriptions on rock, copper plates, clay; royal grants, etc. He had his capital at Mairanka, identified with a hill called Mairang Parvat near Guwahati. But the two subsequent kings, Timgyadeva and Vaidyadeva, though established by the Gaur kings, ruled mostly as independents and issued grants under the old Kamarupa seals. Most of the 17th century saw the Ahom-Mughal conflicts, in which the Ahoms held the expansive Mughals at bay epitomized in the Battle of Saraighat of 1671, and which finally ended in 1682 with the defeat of the Mughals at Itakhuli in Guwahati. Purananuru- Sangam Literary Work of India. On the Kurukshetra of scholarship, India has won the Mahabharata, and reclaimed its civilisation. (, "The Ahom statesmen and chroniclers wishfully looked forward to the Karatoya as their natural western frontier. The Partition of Bengal was strongly protested in Bengal, and the people of Assam were not happy either. Assam Legislative Assembly (1937–1947): Under the Government of India Act 1935, the Council was expanded into an Assembly of 108 members, with even more powers. He was succeeded in turn,by Hataksur, Sambarasur and Ratnasur.The epithels ”Danava” and ”Asura” show that they were of non-Aryans origin. Protohistoric Assam is reconstructed from epics and literature from early times (Mahabharata, Kalika Purana, Yogini Tantra, diff. * Bhagadatta was of very old age. The Koch dynasty reached its peak under his sons, Nara Narayan and Chilarai. The next on the list of Assam places to visit is the Manas National Park, which is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve, a Biosphere Reserve all in one, and the best tourist place in Assam!Being famous for the rare golden langur and the adorable red panda, Manas is one of the best national parks in Assam and even all of India for those who wish … The last Pala king was removed by the Gaur king, Ramapala, in 1110. The founder of the Chutiya kingdom Birpal formed his first capital in Swarnagiri (near present Subansiri river) in 1187 and later his son Ratnadhwajpal shifted the capital to Ratnapur (present Majuli), absorbing the ancient Pala dynasty in 1225 and finally to Sadiya in 1248. The Hindu epics and literature like Mahabharata, Kalika Purana and Yogini Tantra throw enough light on ancient Assam. Union home minister Amit Shah was addressing a gathering in Assam wherein he stated that Northeast India has always been closer to the heart of the nation since the time of Mahabharata. The name Pragjyotisha stood for both the kingdom and capital city. See: Kamata kingdom, Ahom kingdom, Chutiya kingdom, Kachari kingdom, Bhuyan chieftains. The Swadeshi movement (1905–1908) from this period, went largely unfelt in Assam, though it stirred some, most notably Ambikagiri Raychoudhury. Governor (1906–1912): Bengal was partitioned and East Bengal was added to the Chief Commissioner's Province. King Naraka replaced the earliest political entity led by a non-Aryan Danava dynasty under the leadership of Mahiranga, the first king of Assam. It was also said about the Mayong that the saints of black magic and the witches take shelter in mayong forest till now. Since these cultures have been dated to 4500–4000 BCE, the Assam sites are dated to approximately that period. In 1889, oil was discovered at Digboi giving rise to an oil industry. In Aswamedha-parvan of the Mahabharata, Arjuna faced Vajradatta of Pragjyotisha. The history of Assam is the history of a confluence of people from the east, west, south and the north; the confluence of the Tibeto-Burman (Sino-Tibetan), Indo-Aryan and Austroasiatic cultures. The colonial era began with the establishment of British control after the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826, and the post-colonial era began in 1947 after the Independence of India. Assam is the home of several types of silks, the most prominent and prestigious being muga, the golden silk exclusive only to this state. The people of Sylhet protested the inclusion in Assam. Legend has it that Chief Ghatotkacha took part in the battle of Mahabharata after attaining different magical powers from Mayong. He drew reference to Ghatotkach and Arjun from the Mahabharata. As Assam got sucked into the Non-Cooperation Movement, the Assam Association slowly transformed itself into the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee (with 5 seats in AICC) in 1920–21. The microliths here were made of dolerite, unlike those from the rest of India. But owing to mismanagement and failure to pay regular revenue, the British authorities annexed his kingdom in 1838. After the Ahom kingdom reached its zenith, problems within the kingdom arose in the 18th century, when it lost power briefly to rebels of the Moamoria rebellion. Early Neolithic cultures based on the unifacially flaked hand-axe in the Garo hills have developed in line with the Hoabinhian culture, and it is conjectured that this region was the contact point for the Indian and the Southeast Asian cultures. Assamese Mahabharata lays bare the quintessential essence of Assam as it converges with the prism like rhapsodies of myth. Kamarupa's first inscription is from the Allahabad inscription of Samudragupta. This province had a 15-member legislative council in which Assam had two seats. Vishnu Makhijani (Vishnu Makhijani can be reached at email@example.com) In 2006, Christopher C. Doyle, a growth catalyst and CEO coach, set out to write a book for his seven-year-old daughter who was deeply interested in mythology and history.Today, he is the hugely successful author of the The Mahabharata Quest series with two books released, a third due later this year and one or … After the fall of the Mlechchha dynasty in the late 9th century, a new ruler, Brahmapala was elected, who established the Pala dynasty. Assam is one of the seven sisters of North-East India and is the second-largest state among the North-Eastern states of India and the largest in terms of population. Under the Wasteland Rules of 1838, it became nearly impossible for natives to start plantations. Ancient Assam History Ancient Assam was known as Pragjyotisha in early times and as Kamarupa in later times. Ancient Kamarupa included roughly the Brahmaputra River valley, Bhutan, the Rangpur region (now in Bangladesh), and Koch Bihar, in West Bengal state. In 1835, the kingdom of Jaintia was also annexed. Kachhar dynasty is the descendents of Kirat dynasty described in Mahabharata. The Assamese history has been derived from multiple sources. in 16th Century. Dhritrashtra’s wife Gandhari was the daughter of King Subal of Gandhar. He is believed to be the progenitor of Kacharis, a kingdom that was prosperous once in the region. Assamese Mahabharata Assamese Mahabharata lays bare the quintessential essence of Assam as it converges with the prism like rhapsodies of myth. The megalithic culture was the precursor of the fertility cult and the Saktism and the Vajrayana Buddhism that followed. The partition was finally annulled by a royal decree in 1911. In 1830 Dhananjoy Burhagohain, Piyali Phukan and Jiuram Medhi rose in revolt, and they were sentenced to death. The Paleolithic sites, which used handaxe-cleaver tools, have affinities to the Abbevillio-Acheulean culture.  This and the two succeeding dynasties drew their lineage from the mythical Narakasura. In the Mahabharata, the Puranas, the Tantras there are references of the kingdom known as Kamrupa kingdom. Some typical sites are Daojali Hading in Dima Hasao, Sarutaru in Kamrup district and Selbagiri in the Garo Hills. The Ahom kingdom of medieval Assam maintained chronicles, called Buranjis, written in the Ahom and the Assamese languages.  According to the Treaty of Yandabo, the Burmese Monarch Bagyidaw renounce all claims on Assam. It is well known that in the Mahabharata the Cinas appear with the Kiratas among the armies of king Bhagadatta of Pragjyotisa or Assam. The earliest known king of ancient Assam was Mahiranga Danava. There exists evidence of a microlithic culture in the Rongram Valley of Garo Hills that lie between the neolithic layers and virgin soil. Bhaskaravarman died without leaving behind an issue and the control of the country passed to Salasthamba, who established the Mlechchha dynasty. The earliest inhabitants of the region are assigned to the Middle Pleistocene period (781,000 to 126,000 years ago) in the Rongram valley of Garo Hills. In the tract between the Kachari and the Chutiya kingdoms, a Shan group, led by Sukaphaa, established the Ahom kingdom. (, Gait E.A. It … Patinenkilkkanakku is written in the Venpa meter. Ahoms • Brahmins • Kaibartas • Kalitas • Muslims • Sikhs • Sutiyas. to the Present Assam pioneered the writing of history in the Indian subcontinent. The Council had 25 members, of which the Chief Commissioner and 13 nominated members formed the bulk. Nidhanpur, during ancient times, was part of the Kamarupa kingdom of Assam. Known for its rich culture and diverse population, the culture of Assam is a fusion of Indo Burmese, Mongolian and Aryan influences. His works are now included in the curriculum of school and college levels. Colonialism was well entrenched, and the tea, oil and coal-mining industries were putting increasing pressure on the agricultural sector which was lagging behind. There exists no archaeological evidence of Copper-Bronze or Iron Age culture in the region. The protests culminated in a bayonet charge against the protesters at Patharughat in 1894. The Varman kings were the first rulers to emerge into history in first millennium Assam (Pragjyotisha), and the first to be mentioned for the region since the mythological kings of the Mahabharata period. The immigration continued in post colonial times, giving rise to the Assam Agitation of 1979. The period saw the sudden rise of Gopinath Bordoloi and Muhammed Saadulah and their tussle for power and influence. The British attacked the Burmese garrison in Assam and by 1825, the Burmese were expelled from Assam. Lekharu The Ramayana portraying Indian culture and ideals had been made very popular in Assam by the various recentionists who flourished in different periods. The earliest mention of the city of Pragjyotisha is found in the Ramayana and Mahabharata. His writings reflect the larger picture of the then society. In the ancient Indian epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, Assam was known as 'Kamarupa' or 'Pragjyotish'. Folklore marks this to be the place where Bhima and Ghotokacha played chess. From 1859 central Indian labor was imported for the tea plantations. The name of the demon king Banasura reverberates in the epic of Mahabharata in relation to Lord Krishna. In 1861 peasants of Nagaon gathered at Phulaguri for a raiz mel (peoples' assembly) to protest against taxes on betel-nut and paan. While Sarala Dasa rendered the original Mahabharata in Sanskrit into Oriya in the 15th century, Rama Saraswati, the earliest and foremost Vaisnavite poet in Assam, translated the major portion (not complete) of the Mahabharata a full century later, i.e., in the 16th Century. Sonita was the country of Asura king Bana or Vana. In the Indian rebellion of 1857, rebels supporters offered resistance in the form of non-cooperation, and Maniram Dewan and Piyali Baruah were executed for their roles. A History of Assam 2nd Edition 1926 Thackar, Spink & Co Calcutta page 303-311, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Population by religion community – 2011", https://www.academia.edu/19520196/Akkel_Ali_Seikh_A_forgotten_Freedom_fighter_of_East_Bengal_origin_in_Assam, http://www.slideshare.net/umain30/genesis-of-nellie-massacre-and-assam-agitation, "Assam riots: Of ghost towns and relief camps, 4 lakh people displaced", "The Ahom Political System: An Enquiry into the State Formation Process in Medieval Assam (1228-1714)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Assam&oldid=990750675, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles needing additional references from October 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 08:32. The agitation leaders formed a political party, Asom Gana Parishad, which came to power in the state of Assam in the Assembly elections of 1985. The kingdom reached its traditional extent, from the Karatoya in the west to Sadiya in the east. Beginning 1905 peasants from East Bengal began settling down in the riverine tracts (char) of the Brahmaputra valley encouraged by the colonial government to increase agricultural production and government had successful on that mission[]. This dynasty was removed by Narakasura. Arunachal Pradesh’s existance has been mentioned in the Mahabharata and the Kalika-purana, and the state is very significant from a religious point of view, President Ram Nath Kovind said in … Premendra Mitra was one of the most popular Bengali novelist, short story writer and poet. In a court hearing replete with arguments that referred to the Mahabharata and Ramayana, prosecution and defence lawyers Thursday argued the bail plea of Pinjra Tod member Natasha Narwal, who is facing trial in a UAPA case connected to the Northeast Delhi riots. Eight Sister states of northeastern India the Kamarupa kingdom of Assam can be divided four! The intrepid appearance of a microlithic culture in the Ahom prince Purandar Singha was made a tributary ruler in Assam... The Manas then became the Ahom-Mughal boundary until the British authorities annexed his kingdom in 1832 progenitor of,... King Bana or Vana might seem like an impossibility given that corresponding cultures have been dated to approximately period! Associated with shaktism and the government of India the curriculum of school and college levels now Guwahati ) termed! The leadership of Mahiranga, the immigrant population from East assam in mahabharata was added the. 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