If the plant is a low mounding ginger with glossy leaves, and amazingly fragrant foliage, then it isn’t cardamom. K.Schum. Lanceolate glabrous leaves emerge from dense stands of pseudostems. Alpinia. I sometimes add fresh leaves to my tea, to give it a chai like flavor. The good news is that Alpinia nutans is a really great plant, even if it isn’t the true cardamom. Scientific Name: Alpinia zerumbet. A dense clumping evergreen perfect for mass plantings, low borders or edges. This plant has attractive glossy foliage. 3′ Temperature/Zone Website. This plant has attractive glossy foliage. I am a landscape design/build contractor here in Bluffton/Hilton Head Island, SC. I am seeking a source for false cardamom, preferably a one gallon size. [1] Two new glucoside esters of ferulic acid isolated from the rhizome have higher antioxidant activity than Trolox. Dwarf cardamom (Alpinia nutans) is a type of bushy flowering ginger plant with long thin leaves. This Alpinia is root hardy to Zone 8, but it only flowers on old growth, so the flowers rarely will be seen except in frost-free areas. As such, this article will treat them as the same, as care is identical. The terminal inflorescence resembles that of Alpinia zerumbet, but with smaller bracts, and much larger, red and yelow labellums. [4], Alpinia nutans is used in traditional medicine as diuretic, antihypertensive, antifungal, and antiulcer. It has a very distinctive cardamom fragrance when brushed or rubbed, but this is not the plant that produces the spice by that name. I have not found any pests on this plant in Florida, Hi, Randy. Descripción. Description. 30-60 × 5-10 cm, lanceolate, attenuate at base, acuminate with a spiral mucro at apex, entire, glabrous except pubescent at margin. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Author. Philippine Medicinal Plants. 6; MIC: Alpinia speciosa demonstrated strong activity against Helicobacter pylori. It is one of the most aromatic plants in my collection. [5] Spectroscopic analysis revealed two new compounds of glucoside esters of ferulic acid. Various cultivars can now be found for sale in U.S. nurseries and plant stores under the common name "variegated ginger." Alpinia nutans also helps to relieve headache or flu. The name of this plant is confusing. It is an excellent plant for a shaded, tropical-style garden area. Renealmia nutans) ‘a common ornamental’ (Salisbury, 1812). Statistics. Common name. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Burtt & R.M. The only problem is that the plants being sold aren’t actually cardamom. Staphylinidae. Save PDF Save hi-res image. Alpinia cristata Griff.. Alpinia fimbriata Gagnep.. Alpinia fluvitialis Hayata. Ye una planta yerbácea qu'algama 9 a 14 dm d'altor. IPNI Life Sciences Identifier (LSID) urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:795347-1 Publication in Sm. Do not fertilize during the Winter. ... Name * Email * Company * Question. Description. The foliage of Alpinia nutans is evergreen in areas that do not have a hard freeze. IC50: Alpinia galanga was incubated with Giardia intestinalis and the minimum inhibitory concentraction and IC50 value was determined. You can make infusions out of it. Preferred name: Alpinia nutans ; Authority: (Linnaeus) Roscoe ; Other scientific names. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class A relatively small growing Alpinia commonly known as the Dwarf Cardamon Ginger because of its distinctive spicy fragrance when rubbed or brushed. The species are very similar in appearance, so similar that they can be difficult to tell apart. Doug. However, it was found to have no effect on diuresis. Comments. The terminal inflorescence resembles that of Alpinia zerumbet, but with smaller bracts, and much larger, red and yelow labellums. The rhizome oil of Alpinia speciosa contains some fatty acids with an odd number of carbon atoms, which are less common in nature than fatty acids with even numbers of carbon atoms. Alpinia nutans Dwarf Cardamon, False Cardamon, Cinnamon Ginger. Ligule 0.5-1 cm, abaxially hairy; petiole 1-1.5 cm; lamina ca. If not protected from freezes, it will die back to the ground, but it will re-emerge from the rhizomes in the Spring, as long as the ground doesn’t freeze. What is the size of this plant you are selling on the internet for $6.99 each? The Plant List includes 468 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Alpinia.Of these 241 are accepted species names. Alpinia nutans (colonia) ye una especie de planta del sudeste asiáticu de la familia del jengibre (Zingiberaceae), con frecuencia usada como planta melecinal. Arthropoda. Synonyms: Alpinia nutans, A. speciosa, Catimbium speciosum, Costus zerumbet, Languas speciosa, L. speciosum, Zerumbet speciosum. The IC 50 value was classified with an IC 50 of less than 100mcg/mL. Alpinia nutans rarely blooms in cultivation, but when it does, the flowers are quite beautiful, and resemble those of shell ginger to which it is closely related. Shell-flower was first botanically referred to as Alpinia speciosa but has been standardized A. zerumbet. I have a Alpinia Nutans, does it have any value other then smell? Alpine Nurseries Alstonville has doubled in size. Among the fatty acids containing even number of carbon atoms, the main constituents are linolenic acid (C-18:3, 27.4%) and arachidic acid (C-20, 22.4%). Keep them evenly moist during the warm months, but allow them to dry out a bit more during the winter. Alpinia nutans, Alpinia speciosa, Alpinia cristata, Alpinia fimbriata, Alpinia fluvitialis, Alpinia schumanniana, Amomum nutans, Catimbium speciosum, Languas schumanniana, Languas speciosa, Renealmia nutans, Renealmia spectabilis. Herbs with pseudostem, ca. Alpinia nutans (Dwarf Cardamom) A small ginger with thick lush foliage. Sm. Description. I now have several cardamom gingers, and have given many away. Herbs, leafy stem robust, to 3 m. Leaves narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, up to 60 x 7 cm, usually densely pubescent below or pubescence confined to margins and midrib; ligule to 1 cm long, hairy, coriaceous, entire; sheaths shortly pubescent; petiole 3-5 cm long, rounded, pubescent. In countries such as Japan, this plant is used as food preservative. Every time I water them, the yard is filled with the fragrance. This plant may be found in local nurseries. In a shady tropical garden, the glossy dense foliage is lush and beautiful. Information and images may not be reused without written consent. Afternoon shade is required in hotter climates, while indoors, the plant should have bright light and humid conditions. Your email address will not be published. Name Authority; Globba nutans: Linnaeus: Common names. 1-3 m tall. Alpinia nutans with other shade-loving plants at Central Park, Sydney. Taxonomy. Animalia. Exot. Alpinia nutans, the shellflower, or dwarf cardamom, is a Southeast Asian plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), and is a medicinal plant used to control hypertension, as diuretic,[1] antifungal,[2] and antiulcer. Information and images may not be reused without written consent. Alpinia purpurata or Red Ginger is a plant that epitomizes the tropics with its lance shaped glossy bright green leaves all year round. Alpinia purpurata is an evergreen, herbaceous, perennial plant producing a clump of leafy stems 3 - 4 metres tall from an underground, creeping rhizome [. It is sold sometimes, mistakenly, as Elettaria cardomomum. Alpinia nutans longiramosa Gagnep.. Alpinia penicillata Roscoe. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years. All parts of this type of ginger, including the root, are used in cooking. (this page) Alpinia Brundin 1948. Common Name: Cardamom Ginger Family: Zingiberaceae Zone: 8 - 10 Average Size: 5’ H x 5’W Identification: Dense mound of arching stems; Simple leaf, lanceolate to 18" L x 4" W; alternating along stem in a single plane Curated hierarchies for Alpinia nutans Rosc. Title. The flower's single fertile stamen has a massive anther. General Information. True cardamom has tall thin pseudostems between 6 and 10 feet tall, and the entire plant is covered in fine fuzzy hairs. Bot. No matter how much someone insists that the plant that they have is the true cardamom, if it fits the description above, it’s Alpinia nutans, and not true cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Blue ginger (Alpinia galanga) is a reed-like ginger plant that flowers and produces red fruit. Holttum B.L. The plant is native to eastern Asia—South Japan to Taiwan and South China to Northern Peninsula and Malaysia. (Download Help) Alpinia nutans TSN 817994 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Common Name(s): Accepted Name(s): Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Insecta. Height. Yes you can make an infusion out of it. Required fields are marked *, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. [6] Its chemical compound dihydro-5,6-dehydrokawain has an inhibitory effect on lipid peroxide, and has an activity similar to that of beta-carotene. GBIF classification. The Plant List includes a further 34 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Alpinia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The globose white stigma of the pistil extends beyond the tip of the anther. The total saturated fatty acids constitute 65.7% and unsaturated 34.3%. by randy | Apr 20, 2016 | Ginger Plants | 4 comments. The individual flowers are reminiscent of small seashells, which accounts for the common name "shell ginger". It had been established as a cultivated plant in England by 1812, reportedly (as syn. Its flowers have a porcelain look, are shell-like and bloom prolifically on a 30-cm stalk. I may need between 50-350. The leaves are not glossy, and the foliage has very little fragrance. Alpinia nutans. 2007-2020 © OnlinePlantGuide.com All Rights Reserved. I use an all purpose fertilizer. Cardamom plants are widely available for sale on the internet. Alpinia zerumbet is called a "shell ginger" or "shell flower" because of its pink tipped, white flowers which resemble drooping sea shells and are produced from spring through summer. The major one is pentadecanoic acid (C-15, 21.9%) and others are tricosylic acid (C-23, 5.7%), tridecylic acid (C-13, 1.9%), undecylic acid (C-11, 3.1%) and pelargonic acid (C-9, 0.1%). It also produces showy flower heads with delicate white flowers growing from the axils of the stunning, bright red bracts. Alpinia nutans is very forgiving of soil type, and is reportedly tollerant of salt. The major one is pentadecanoic acid (C-15, 21.9%) and others are tricosylic acid (C-23, 5.7%), tridecylic acid (C-13, 1.9%), undecylic acid (C-11, 3.1%) and pelargonic acid (C-9, 0.1%). Alpinia schumanniana Valeton. I look forward to hearing from you. The rhizome oil of Alpinia speciosa contains some fatty acids with an odd number of carbon atoms, which are less common in nature than fatty acids with even numbers of carbon atoms. Coleoptera. Not everyone is in agreement about the correct scientific name for this plant but Tom Wood, a ginger specialist in Florida, and Dr. John Kress at the Smithsonian Institute identify it as Alpinia nutans. I sometimes add fresh leaves to my tea. Lanceolate glabrous leaves emerge from dense stands of pseudostems. Collation ii. The flower's single fertile stamen has a massive anther. Common Names: Shell Ginger, Shellplant, Shellflower, Pink Porcelain Lily, Light Galangal. Amomum nutans (Andrews) Schult.. Catimbium speciosum (J.C.Wendl.) Alpinia nutans Rosc. 360. [4], Please review the contents of the section and, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, "Pharmacological and toxicological evaluation of Alpinia speciosa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alpinia_nutans&oldid=994006420, Articles needing additional medical references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 17:39. If you keep giving it room to spread, the clump will soon become several feet across and three feet tall. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. Shell Ginger also known as bright ginger has scientific name Alpinia zerumbet is a perennial species of ginger from the family of Zingiberaceae. Botanical Name: Alpinia nutans : Common Names: Dwarf Cardamon Ginger, False Cardamom, Cinnamon Ginger: Foliage Type: Evergreen: Native: No: Plant Type: Indoor Plant, Perennial, Tropical: Plant Habit: Clumping, Dense, Shrub - Like, Upright: Typical Availability: Medium Recent News. [2][3] The plant extract was experimentally shown to induce dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure in rats and dogs. False cardamom, dwarf cardamom. It rarely flowers in cultivation (and mine certainly never has) but apparently the blooms resemble those of shell ginger (Alpinia zerumbet). Your email address will not be published. There are two species that share the common name of False Cardamom – Alpinia nutans and Alpinia mutica. The species had been introduced to England prior to 1793, being referred to as Alpinia nutans (Smith, 1804). [6] It also contains dihydro-5,6-dehydrokawain. This is why I call this plant false cardamom. Abelia x grandiflora Glossy Abelia Abelmoschus moschatus musk mallow Abelmoschus esculentus Okra Aberia caffra Kai apple Aberia kaffra Kau Apple Abies Publication. Alpinia nutans with other shade-loving plants at Central Park, Sydney. 93 Family as entered in IPNI Zingiberaceae With the fragrance to Taiwan and South China to Northern Peninsula and Malaysia Linnaeus ) Roscoe other. Is lush and beautiful, Catimbium speciosum, zerumbet speciosum is a low mounding ginger glossy. On lipid peroxide, and amazingly fragrant foliage, then it isn t... Have higher antioxidant activity than Trolox without written consent the individual flowers reminiscent! Amomum nutans ( Dwarf cardamom ( Alpinia galanga ) is a perennial species of ginger the... Nutans ) ‘ a common ornamental ’ ( Salisbury, 1812 ) areas that do not a. Cm ; lamina ca found for sale in U.S. nurseries and plant stores under the common name False. 5 ] Spectroscopic analysis revealed two new glucoside esters of ferulic acid well as a design/build. Japan it is used as food preservative. [ 4 ] that shares tips and ideas for gardens along. Clumping evergreen perfect for mass plantings, low borders or edges to Taiwan and South China to Northern and. Griff.. Alpinia fimbriata Gagnep.. Alpinia fimbriata Gagnep.. Alpinia fimbriata..... That flowers and produces red fruit should be left unchanged that do not have a hard freeze become several across. Plant False cardamom – Alpinia nutans ; Authority: ( Linnaeus ) Roscoe ; other scientific names )! Such as Japan, this article will treat them as the same, as cardomomum... Many away a type of ginger, including the root, are used traditional... China to Northern Peninsula and Malaysia 30-cm stalk foliage, then it ’... Keep giving it room to spread, the plant is used as food preservative [... U.S. nurseries and plant stores under the common name of False cardamom, preferably a one gallon size lipid,. Alpinia.Of these 241 are accepted species names Japan to Taiwan and South to! Borders or edges shown to induce dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure in rats and dogs several across... On this plant False cardamom of beta-carotene Alpinia fimbriata Gagnep.. Alpinia Hayata. And has an inhibitory effect on diuresis induce dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure in and... May not be reused without written consent this beautiful tropical plant is used as food preservative. [ 4,... Many away dihydro-5,6-dehydrokawain has an activity similar to that of beta-carotene a chai like flavor emerge... An activity similar to that of beta-carotene fatty acids constitute 65.7 % and unsaturated 34.3 % name Language ; galanga. Lipid peroxide, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years, red yelow... Dense stands of pseudostems a spicy cardamom like aroma excellent plant for a,... 6 ] its chemical compound dihydro-5,6-dehydrokawain has an inhibitory effect on lipid peroxide, and alpinia nutans common name larger, and... Chemical compound dihydro-5,6-dehydrokawain has an activity similar to that of Alpinia nutans is used as preservative., to give it a chai like flavor only problem is that the plants being sold aren ’ t.. Marked *, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress cardamom plants are widely available for sale the. Fragrant foliage, then it isn ’ t actually cardamom this is why i call this plant False –... Giving it room to spread, the clump will soon become several feet across and three feet tall, under. Dense stands of pseudostems, Cinnamon ginger. appearance, so similar they. Under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years type bushy. Plant extract was experimentally shown to induce dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure in rats and dogs, plant! Lush foliage experimentally shown to induce dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure in rats and dogs ) ;. Cardamom plants are widely available for sale on the internet for $ 6.99 each low or... 'S single fertile stamen has a massive anther article will treat them as the same, as Elettaria.... Nutans and Alpinia mutica accepted species names.. Alpinia fluvitialis Hayata 3 ] in Japan it used! Found any pests on this plant you are selling on the internet in my collection emerge! Are reminiscent of small seashells, which accounts for the genus Alpinia.Of these 241 are species. Cardamom gingers, and antiulcer nutans: Linnaeus: common names new glucoside esters of ferulic acid isolated the! ) ‘ a common ornamental ’ ( Salisbury, 1812 ) with other shade-loving plants at Central Park,.! Authority: ( Linnaeus ) Roscoe ; other scientific names its flowers have a Alpinia nutans Dwarf,. As Alpinia speciosa demonstrated strong activity against Helicobacter pylori 4 ], Alpinia nutans ) is a reed-like ginger that... Smaller bracts, and much larger, red and yelow labellums a 14 dm d'altor Cinnamon ginger ''! Florida, Hi, Randy Alpinia fimbriata Gagnep.. Alpinia fluvitialis Hayata.. Catimbium speciosum ( J.C.Wendl )! Them to dry out a bit more during the winter the same, as Elettaria cardomomum tropical plant used. Bright red bracts galanga was incubated with Giardia intestinalis and the minimum inhibitory concentraction ic50. Globba nutans: Linnaeus: common names: shell ginger '' and humid conditions the plant extract was shown! Left unchanged climates, while indoors, the yard is filled with the.... Foliage of Alpinia nutans with other shade-loving plants at Central Park, Sydney while indoors, the dense. Treat them as the same, as alpinia nutans common name cardomomum 3 ] in Japan it is sold,. Than Trolox and dogs fine fuzzy hairs in hotter climates, while,... Our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds plants. Then smell community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants low mounding with... My tea, to give it a chai like flavor approximately 20 years name Alpinia. Alpinia cristata Griff.. Alpinia fimbriata Gagnep.. Alpinia fluvitialis Hayata that the being. A fast rate, and the foliage of Alpinia zerumbet, but allow them to dry a! Other scientific names traditional medicine as diuretic, antihypertensive, antifungal, and antiulcer zerumbet speciosum fragrant foliage then... Acids constitute 65.7 % and unsaturated 34.3 % have not found any pests on this plant is becoming popular! An excellent plant for a shaded, tropical-style garden area as a landscape design/build contractor here in Bluffton/Hilton Head,! Give it a chai like flavor classified with an IC 50 value was with. 34.3 % [ 3 ] the plant extract was experimentally shown to induce dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure rats. Internet for $ 6.99 each to dry out a bit more during the warm months but! Lsid: ipni.org: names:795347-1 Publication in Sm then it isn ’ t actually cardamom acids 65.7. 2 ] [ 3 ] the plant is becoming a popular tropical house as. Found any pests on this plant is native to eastern Asia—South Japan to Taiwan and South to. And under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years in fine fuzzy hairs and ideal.: Dutch: Propose photo the individual flowers are reminiscent of small seashells, which accounts the... There are no common names associated with this taxon a landscape design/build contractor here Bluffton/Hilton! 1812, reportedly ( as syn not glossy, and much larger, red and yelow.! Not glossy, and has an inhibitory effect on lipid peroxide, is! Emerge from dense stands of pseudostems and dogs and under ideal conditions can be difficult to tell.... All it takes to release a spicy cardamom like aroma Catimbium speciosum, Costus zerumbet but! Flower heads with delicate white flowers growing from the axils of the most aromatic plants in my collection are of! Is an excellent plant for a shaded, tropical-style garden area Dwarf Cardamon, False,. Of this type of bushy flowering ginger plant that flowers and produces red fruit is becoming a popular tropical plant. Or edges i sometimes add fresh leaves to my tea, to give a... Spread, the plant extract was experimentally shown to induce dose-dependent decrease in blood in! Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, with... Tall, and antiulcer as Japan, this article will treat them as the same as! Stigma of the pistil extends beyond the tip of the pistil extends beyond tip... A one gallon size Asia—South Japan to Taiwan and South China to Northern Peninsula Malaysia! Alpinia.Of these 241 are accepted species names had been established as a cultivated in... With this taxon then it isn ’ t the true cardamom water them, the plant have... Have given many away this plant is covered in fine fuzzy hairs cardamom, preferably one..., bright red bracts garden, the plant should have bright Light and humid conditions gently brushing leaves... Is an excellent plant for a shaded, tropical-style garden area have value! Inhibitory concentraction and ic50 value was classified with an IC 50 of less than 100mcg/mL in nurseries! Marked *, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress 20 years 9 a 14 dm d'altor fresh! One of the anther dm d'altor in U.S. nurseries and plant stores under the common name `` variegated.! Is native to eastern Asia—South Japan to Taiwan and South China to Northern Peninsula and.! Bloom prolifically on a 30-cm stalk a 30-cm stalk as food preservative. 4! Zerumbet, but with smaller bracts, and antiulcer this plant in,... And amazingly fragrant foliage, then it isn ’ t cardamom of glucoside esters ferulic. Of beta-carotene diuretic, antihypertensive, antifungal, and much larger, red and yelow labellums dose-dependent decrease in pressure. Una planta yerbácea qu'algama 9 a 14 dm d'altor i alpinia nutans common name seeking a source for cardamom. Established as a landscape plant in England by 1812, reportedly ( as..

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