Alexander was born in 356 BC to King Philip II of Macedon, the erations, such as the weapons, especially their range and accuracy, the speed and reliability of communi-cations, river crossing equipment, and the relative mobility of opposing forces. where was ... made up of soldiers who served for a limited time but philips army was a group of full time well paid highly skilled soldiers. by Adrienne Mayor (Wonder & Marvels contributor) In 332 BC Alexander the Great and his Macedonian army suffered the effects of a fiendish chemical incendiary that caused horrendous casualties. The Macedonian nobility were traditionally fine horsemen, hut the infantry was poorly armed and badly organised until the reign of Alexander II in 369/8 B.C. Benefiting from the conquests, diplomacy and military reforms of his father, Philip II, Alexander had inherited a powerful professional army that utilised the phalanx formation. As many as 11 of his commanders vied for position, but it finally became a struggle among three: Antigonus controlled Macedon, Seleucus took over most of what had been the Persian Empire, and Ptolemy became ruler of Egypt.… Alexander would probably win…if he were allowed to know his enemy’s capabilities in advance and could prepare his troops for the noise , smoke and death at a distance. By Dr. Evangellos Tzahos Civil Engineer NTUA . Alexander's army traveled far and generally lived off the land they conquered. History reserved him a glorious destiny. Alexander The Great - The Path to Deification "Military Review" Magazine . Alexander the Great This book offers a strategic analysis of one of the most outstanding military careers in history, identifying the most pertinent strategic lessons from the cam-paigns of Alexander the Great. Having beaten the Persians at Issus in 333 BC, Introduction. he formed new battle formations and a large number of weapons for his army. The army with which Alexander the Great conquered the Persian empire was "built around the Macedonian Companion cavalry and the Macedonian heavy infantry. The army of Alexander the Great could be called Macedonian because it fought for the Macedonian king. He traveled with builders, engineers, poets, historian, scientists, doctors, slave traders and, importantly, a historian, who wrote up his exploits which were then sent far and wide so his name would be forever respected. But he would try his troops' patience too much, prompting his remarkable army to mutiny. I'm afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion." Also, he had large groups of archers and also primitive catapults and siege weapons built on the site of the battles. The Army of Alexander the Great I//tm/uãion The figures of Napoleon and Alexander stand comparison: both were supremely successful gen- erals, both were short of stature, both dreamed of world conquest, both covered up their failures, and both came to be virtually worshipped. The New York Times recently published an article that had a fascinating description of the Kalash, an ancient ethnic group living high in the remote mountains of Pakistan's Hindu Kush. The story of Alexander the Great is popular and well-known.In his lifetime this Macedonian changed the whole nature of the Ancient World, forming one of the greatest empires yet seen.Yet none of this would have been possible if Alexander had not skilfully organised his forces throughout the campaign and so this article will cover the logistics of his Macedonian army. Most weapons were made of Bronze since steel wasn't perfected yet. An early campaign in which a river was of great influence was in 326 B.C. alexander son of king philip of macedonia also known as alexander the great. By Eric Niderost. "Alexander wanted to be the greatest conqueror the world had ever seen. Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas iii[›] from the Greek ἀλέξω alexo "to defend, help" + ἀνήρ aner "man"), was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece.Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. David Lonsdale argues that since the core principles of strategy are eternal, On the right of his line, Alexander aligns his cavalry and light infantry, provably no more that 10,000 men facing a huge wall of heavenly-armed enemies. To that end, in many ways, the destiny and legacy of Alexander were rather forged by the military prowess and organizational capacity of his commanded Macedonians. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for The Army of Alexander the Great (Men at Arms Series, 148) at Amazon.com. when Alexander the Great Invaded the region that is now West Pakistan. The same comparison cannot be made of the modern In between, he sustained a strong supply chain, to sustain food, communication and weapons. While Philip effectively drilled the Macedonians into an incredible fighting force, The Alexander the Great recognized that rigorous discipline, unity, and uniformity were the lifeblood of his killing machine, aka his massive army. During Alexander’s seven-month siege of the Phoenician city of Tyre (now Lebanon), the Phoenicians realized that they needed a powerful antipersonnel weapon to “conquer such a courageous enemy.” "- Peter van Rossum. Its troops were like many other armies in Antiquity only partly recruited from the kingdom itself. That is wroth a study all to itself. The biggest weapon Alexander the Great has was his personality to rally so many troops to do his bidding. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Abstract. But these ancient scribes were more interested in the sweep and drama of great events, … Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the Greek kingdom of Macedon in the 4th century BC.He led a thirteen-year-long military campaign that created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, and is considered to be one of the greatest generals of all time. The death of Alexander the Great brought a struggle among his subordinates for succession to his throne. Alexander the Great is one of the most famous men in history, and many believe he was the greatest military genius of all time (Julius Caesar wept at the feet of his statue in envy of his achievements). Alexander the Great’s military tactics and strategies are still studied in military academies today. This is the reason Alexander the Great's army revolted. While popular history tends to bring forth the notion of Alexander the Great as a military genius (and rightly so), his generalship was not only mirrored by his individual brilliance but also the impressive efforts of his army. Ancient Macedonian army; Participant in Rise of Macedon, Alexander's Balkan campaign, the Wars of Alexander the Great,: Leaders: Philip II of Macedon, Alexander III of Macedon: Headquarters: Pella, Babylon: Area of operations: Greece, Balkans, Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran, India. Alexander's army, just 40,000 men strong, is facing a foe of about 150,000 men at Issues. as a military genius what did philip form? For centuries this light-skinned, pagan people have claimed to be the long-lost descendants of Alexander the Great's world-conquering armies, which invaded this region in the fourth century B.C. These soldiers from Macedonia proper were supplemented by considerable forces from other territories. The swords used by Alexander the Great’s armies in India, or at least those used by units originating from Greece, were of two main types. A brilliant, tireless, invincible glorious commander, Alexander, third in the dynasty of Argeades, has very properly been nominated as the Great. In 334 BC Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander ‘the Great’ set out on his grand campaign of conquest against the Persian Achaemenid Empire, aged just 22. "I'm not afraid of an army of lions lead by sheep. Background . The age of Alexander is one of the most celebrated epochs in history, the subject for such Greco-Roman writings as Diodorus, Arrian, and Plutarch. , just 40,000 men strong, is facing a foe of about 150,000 men at.! 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