Clinton abandoned the proposed enforcement order, but issued a memorandum on June 5, 1997, encouraging federal departments to consider using ASAs for “important and important” projects.  The memorandum required government agencies to review each project to decide whether an LPA would allow the organization to increase efficiency and reduce costs.  The use of a project employment contract usually results in cost overruns and higher construction costs for taxpayers. Qualified non-unionized contractors who wish to bid more profitable and employees who do not wish to work in a union will be excluded from the project. However, politicians and government officials continue to enforce project employment contracts to reward union officials who fund their political campaigns and keep them in power. This bill requires the government to be neutral with respect to the use of A.A. The law simply states that the government cannot require or prohibit the use of project employment contracts. It leaves this decision to the private parties involved in the project. “As Americans consider proposals to rebuild our country`s deteriorating infrastructure, it is imperative that lawmakers adopt measures that support fairness and efficiency in the government`s procurement of construction services to ensure taxpayers get the best possible return on investment,” Brubeck said. “Unfortunately, this cannot be achieved when government agencies respond to special interests by hiring A.A. who direct contracts to unionized companies and creating a labor monopoly for unionized workers, who make up only 14 percent of the construction industry nationwide.” House and Senate Democrats opposed the bills, questioning their importance when very few ALL are actually used by municipalities for local projects. They argued that the law would reduce workers` wages and benefits and that the state should not interfere with the authority of local governments.
Bush signed Executive Order 13202 with 13202 “Preserving Open Competition and Government Neutrality with Respect to The Labor Relations of Government Contractors on Federally and Federally Funded Construction Projects,” which prohibits the use of A.A. for construction projects with federal funds.  This order stipulated that construction projects that receive federal funding cannot impose project employment contracts.  In particular, the order stipulated that neither the federal government nor any federally supported authority may require or prohibit contractors from signing union agreements as a condition of carrying out work on publicly funded construction projects.  The order allowed all previously agreed ASAs to continue and did not affect projects that had not received federal funding.  Bush`s order revoked the previous A.A. executive order, Clinton Order 12836, which abandoned President George H.W.`s executive order. .