The OBJECTIVE of NAFTA was to remove barriers to trade and investment between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The implementation of NAFTA on January 1, 1994 resulted in the immediate removal of tariffs on more than half of Mexican exports to the United States and more than one-third of U.S. exports to Mexico. Within 10 years of the implementation of the agreement, all U.S.-Mexico tariffs should be eliminated, with the exception of some U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico, which are expected to expire within 15 years.  Most of the trade between the United States and Canada was already duty-free. NAFTA also aimed to remove non-tariff barriers and protect intellectual property rights on marketed products. The North American Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada has linked the economies of the two countries for more than 20 years and allows for the free movement of goods. Supporting a 21st century economy through new measures to protect intellectual property in the United States and to secure trade opportunities for services in the United States. According to Chad Bown of the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Trump administration`s list “is very consistent with the president`s position on trade barriers that like protectionism.
This makes NAFTA less of a free trade agreement in many ways.  The considerations expressed by the U.S. representative regarding subsidized state-owned enterprises and currency manipulation are not likely to apply in Canada and Mexico, but are intended to send a message to countries outside North America.  Jeffrey Schott of the Peterson Institute for International Economics stated that it was not possible to conclude renegotiations quickly, while alleviating all concerns on the list.  He also said that it would be difficult to do something about trade deficits.  Nafta has been structured to increase cross-border trade in North America and increase economic growth for each party. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); in Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; In French: North American Free Trade Agreement, ALNA) was an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994 and replaced the 1988 Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement.  The NAFTA trading bloc was one of the largest trading blocs in the world, after the proceeds of the home. The USMCA requires automakers to produce at least 75% of the vehicle`s components in Canada, Mexico or the United States. Previously, it was 62.5%.
At least 40% of the value of a car and 45% of a light truck must be manufactured by workers who earn an average of $16 per hour. Cars that do not meet these requirements are subject to sales rates. This agreement protects Mexico and Canada from future U.S. car taxes. In addition, many economists argue that recent U.S. production problems have little to do with NAFTA and say that domestic production was under pressure decades before the contract. Surveys by David Autor, David Dorn and Gordon Hanson, published in 2016 [PDF], have shown that competition with China since 2001, when China joined the WTO, has had a much greater negative impact on U.S. employment. Hanson, an economist and trade expert at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), says the biggest decline in manufacturing employment – between 17 million and 11 million between 2000 and 2010 – is mainly due to trade with China and underlying technological changes. “China is at the top of the list in terms of the impact on employment that we have seen since 2000, with technology being second and NAFTA much less important,” he says.
It is probably certain to give NAFTA at least some of the credit for doubling real trade among its signatories. Unfortunately, the simple impact assessments of the agreement stop.