Arctic SAR, Article 12, paragraph 1. The SAR Standard Agreement in Appendix I of Volume 1 of the IAMSAR Manual states that “each party […] Or fund their own activities related to this agreement, unless the parties have agreed otherwise in advance and, in all cases, do not allow reimbursement to delay the response to those in distress” (section 4, point f). This provision explains, to some extent, the reasons for the funding provisions in SAR agreements. Arctic Council, the Arctic Council`s first SAR exercise in Whitehorse, Canada, available on www.arctic-council.org/index.php/en/oceans/search-and-rescue/209-sar-exercise-whitehorse. Access to November 20, 2012. Any party to this agreement may, if necessary, request cooperation with States that are not parties to this agreement, which may contribute to the conduct of search and rescue operations in accordance with existing international agreements. The establishment of a broader multilateral agreement on maritime security would build on existing memorandum of understanding proposals on Arctic SAR aviation, which would include both the S-Sar in aviation and the maritime SAR, as promoted by the 1979 International Convention on The Search and Rescue of Maritime Traffic as amended; The 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation (Annex 12), as amended; and the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual (IAMSAR Manual). The proposed SAR agreement on the Arctic region would identify the SAR region`s demarcation lines in aviation and shipping; As confirmed by the two conventions, such delimitation of the Sar regions is not linked and would not affect the demarcation of a border between nations. See z.B. Exchange of Notes Constituting an Agreement between the Governments of the United States of America and Canada relating to Air Search and Rescue Operations Along Their Common Boundary, Washington, January 24, 1949 (Canada) and January 31, 1949 (U.S.), came into effect on January 31, 1949, 43 UNTS 119 (1949 U.S./Canada Exchange of Notes); The agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Rescue and Rescue Operations in Danish and Soviet waters, Moscow, on 9 October 1965, came into force on the same day, 860 UNTS 3 (Denmark-USSR 1965 Agreement); The agreement between the Government of the Republic of Finland and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on rescue operations in Finnish and Soviet waters, Helsinki, on 25 August 1971, came into force on 24 September 1971, 801 UNTS 3 (Finland-USSR Agreement 1971); The agreement between Sweden and Norway on the improvement of emergency services in the border areas, Oslo, on 19 March 1974, came into force on the same day, with the exception of Article 4 (Sweden-Norway Agreement 1974); Search and Rescue Agreement between Chief of the Defence Staff, Canadian Armed Forces and Commander, U.S.